Architectural and interior designs
- Architectural design is a discipline that focuses on covering and meeting the needs and demands, to create living spaces, using certain tools and especially, creativity. Therefore, the aim is to combine the technological and the aesthetic, despite the general belief that architecture is only a technological task.
- Interior architecture is the design of a building from the inside out, a multifaceted discipline that aims to study the interior environment, taking into account the tangible and intangible elements to achieve the goals of interior design, creative and technical solutions, functional and aesthetically attractive, are applied within an architectural structure to achieve an environment Built interior that meets users' needs and goals
Urban and landscape designs
- Urban design is that science and art that deals with spaces, paths, intersections, squares, buildings, green spaces, and others, and through it, the character of the area and the personality of the place can be determined. The connection between the building and the surrounding space can be achieved. It is the link between city planning and architectural design. There must be public spaces for the city to have a life, and attention must be paid to streets and squares.
- landscape design is the act of taking a piece of land, no matter how big, and analyzing, evaluating and beautifying it. All the while, designers must focus on maintaining or increasing functionality and usability for humans in a cost effective manner. Urban landscape design mixes the talents of architects, surveyors, landscape designers, horticulturalists and conservationists. ¬Urban landscape design is all about planning. The base plan allows the designers and project owners to discover any problem areas, and to begin deciding on the design procedure.
- The design of all structural elements: slabs, beams, columns/walls and foundations are carried out in accordance with the limit states concept. The strength will be ensured and checked according to the related codes. Serviceability requirements are satisfied by limiting the deflection and controlling the concrete cracking.
- Vertical loads are transferred to the foundation by means of a conventional skeleton of beams/slabs and columns/walls. Factored loads shall be considered for structural elements strength limit state while working loads shall be considered for serviceability limit state and foundation design.
- Lateral loads (wind & earth quick) are transferred to the foundation by means of a dual system comprising shear-core/wall elements and moment resisting frames.
- Electrical design entails planning, creating, testing, or supervising the development and installation of electrical equipment, including lighting equipment, power systems, power distribution, fire and life safety systems, electronic components, and voice and data communications infrastructure.
Water supply, Plumbing & drainage systems:
- A home plumbing system consists of two systems: water supply and drainage, which are kept separate to maintain health and safety. Pressurized water comes in from the street or a water service, and dirty drain water leaves through gravity and air pressure. The two systems meet at fixtures where water is used and then flushed down the drain. Understanding how these systems work is the first step to learning the basics of plumbing.
- Water supply systems are networks whose edges and nodes are pressure pipes and either pipe junctions, water sources or end-users, respectively. Their function is to provide end-users with potable water with a sufficient pressure level
- A drainage system consists of piping that conveys sewage, rainwater, or other liquid waste to a point of disposal, either in the sewer system or septic tank. Its main objective is to collect and remove wastewater and keep sewer gases out of the building. Unlike the piping that brings water into a building, the piping for a drainage system is usually made of plastic or metal.
- The design of any fire-protection system is an exact science that takes into account a building’s use, occupancy, footprint, and even its other installed systems.
- Fire protection involves an integrated approach in which system designers need to analyze building components as a total package.
- Firefighting systems are referred to as active systems, examples of these are water sprinkler and spray systems
- Use of various technologies to control the temperature, humidity, and purity of the air in an enclosed space. Its goal is to provide thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality.
- HVAC is an important part of residential structures such as single family homes, apartment buildings, hotels, and senior living facilities; medium to large industrial and office buildings such as skyscrapers and hospitals.
Fire Fighting systems
BOQ calculation and Specs writing & method of measurements:
- A bill of quantities is a document used in tendering in the construction industry in which materials, parts, and labor (and their costs) are itemized. It also (ideally) details the terms and conditions of the construction or repair contract and itemizes all work to enable a contractor to price the work for which he or she is bidding. The quantities may be measured in number, area, volume, weight or time. Preparing a bill of quantities requires that the design is complete and a specification has been prepared.
- The bill of quantities is a document prepared by the cost consultant that provides project specific measured quantities of the items of work identified by the drawings and specifications in the tender documentation.
- The quantities may be measured in number, length, area, volume, weight or time. Preparing a bill of quantities requires that the design is complete and a specification has been prepared.